According to some historical documents, the city was founded in 1654, but the origin of it’s name is still a mystery. Kharkiv is the second largest in Ukraine on scientific and educational potential.
In February 1918 Kharkiv became the capital of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic; but this entity was disbanded six weeks later. And according to the February 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the Central Powers it became part of the Ukrainian People’s Republic. Mid-June 1919 Anton Denikin’s White movement Volunteer Army captured the city. In December 1919 the Bolshevik Red Army recaptured Kharkiv.
At first the settlement was self-governed under the jurisdiction of a voivode from Chuhuiv that is 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the east. The first appointed voivode from Moscow was Voyin Selifontov in 1656 who started to build a local ostrog (fort).
Violent clashes resulted in the severe beating of at least 50 pro-Ukrainian protesters in attacks by pro-Russian protesters. When the Tsentralna Rada announced the establishment of the Ukrainian People’s Republic in November 1917 it envisioned the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate to be part of it. In December 1917 Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine occupied by the Soviet troops of Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko. The Bolsheviks in the Tsentralna Rada moved to Kharkiv shortly after to make it their stronghold and formed their own Rada on 13 December 1917. By February 1918 Bolshevik forces had captured much of Ukraine.
The city was planned to be rebuilt in the style of Stalinist Classicism. Of the population of 700,000 that Kharkiv had before the start of World War II, 120,000 became Ost-Arbeiter (slave worker) in Germany, 30,000 were executed and 80,000 starved to death during the war. Before the occupation, Kharkiv’s tank industries were evacuated to the Urals with all their equipment, and became the heart of Red Army’s tank programs (particularly, producing the T-34 tank earlier designed in Kharkiv). These enterprises returned to Kharkiv after the war, and continue to produce tanks.
Kharkiv has experienced more non-lethal small bombings since 22 February 2015 targeting army fuel tanks, an unoccupied passenger train and a Ukrainian flag in the city centre. From early November until mid-December, Kharkiv was struck by seven non-lethal bomb blasts. Targets of these attacks included a rock pub known for raising money for Ukrainian forces, a hospital for Ukrainian forces, a military recruiting centre, and a National Guard base. According to SBU investigator Vasyliy Vovk, Russian covert forces were behind the attacks, and had intended to destabilize the otherwise calm city of Kharkiv. Historically, Kharkiv lies in the Sloboda Ukraine region (Slobozhanshchyna also known as Slobidshchyna) in Ukraine, in which it is considered to be the main city.
It is a city of 100,000 students and about 30 higher educational institutions. Among them are Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics, Kharkiv National Aviation University, Medical University, University of Culture, National Law Academy and many others. Kharkiv is considered the safest among large cities in Ukraine. Many foreigners come to Kharkiv for business and pleasure.
On 13 April, some pro-Russian protesters again made it inside the Kharkiv regional state administration building. Later on 13 April, the building permanently returned to full Ukrainian control.
Over the time of the second occupation the Germans removed many artworks from the museum, and their fate is still unknown. In August 1943 the building of the museum was destroyed. Everything that was still left of its exhibits and in the store perished, including paintings, graphics, furniture and books.
Being an important transportation centre of Ukraine, many different means of transportation are available in Kharkiv. Kharkiv’s Metro is the city’s rapid transit system operating since 1975. It includes three комментарии харьков different lines with 30 stations in total. During the Soviet era, Kharkiv was the capital of industrial production in Ukraine and the third largestcentre of industry and commerce in the USSR.
Kharkiv is a city situated in the north-eastern part of Ukraine. It is the second largest city after Kiev and the first capital of the country.
- With the resettlement of the area by Ukrainians it came to be known as Sloboda Ukraine, most of which was included under the jurisdiction of the Razryad Prikaz (Military Appointment) headed by a district official from Belgorod.
- Kharkiv is a very green city, there are more than 100 parks on it’s territory.
- By 1657 the Kharkiv settlement had a fortress with underground passageways.
- Kharkiv also became the centre of the local Sloboda cossack regiment as the area surrounding the Belgorod fortress was being heavily militarized.
At that time the population of Kharkiv was just over 1000, half of whom were local cossacks, while Selifontov brought along a Moscow garrison of another 70 servicemen. The first Kharkiv voivode was replaced in two years after constantly complaining that locals refused to cooperate in building the fort. Kharkiv also became the centre of the local Sloboda cossack regiment as the area surrounding the Belgorod fortress was being heavily militarized. With the resettlement of the area by Ukrainians it came to be known as Sloboda Ukraine, most of which was included under the jurisdiction of the Razryad Prikaz (Military Appointment) headed by a district official from Belgorod.
On Sunday 22 February 2015, there was a terrorist bomb attack on a march to commemorate people who died in the Euromaidan protests in 2014. The terrorists claimed that it was a false flag attack.
During World War II, Kharkiv was the site of several military engagements (see below). As the country’s capital, it underwent intense https://deveducation.com/ expansion with the construction of buildings to house the newly established Ukrainian Soviet government and administration.
In 1934 almost seventy-five thousand of exhibits, bearing artistic, historical, ethnographical value, were brought under the roof of Ukrainian national picture gallery, located in Basseyna Street (currently Yaroslava Mudrogo). Over the years https://deveducation.com/ of the Second world war many items from this collection were lost. In October 1941 the museum was partially evacuated, with over four and a half thousand items moved. However, the museum was working even under German occupation of Kharkiv.
The 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine affected Kharkiv but to a lesser extent than in neighbouring Donbass, where tensions led to armed conflict. On 2 March 2014, a Russian “tourist” from Moscow replaced the Ukrainian flag with a Russian flag on the Kharkiv regional state administration building. Five days later, pro-Russian protestors комментарии харьков occupied the building and unilaterally declared independence from Ukraine as the “Kharkov People’s Republic”. The next day, the building was retaken by Ukrainian special forces. Doubts arose about the local origin of the protestors after they initially stormed an opera and ballet theatre believing it was the city hall.
By 1657 the Kharkiv settlement had a fortress with underground passageways. Kharkiv has 6 outstanding professional theatres, https://itstep.org/ circus, several museums and many libraries. Kharkiv is a very green city, there are more than 100 parks on it’s territory.
Today, Kharkiv is often referred to as the “capital city” of Ukrainian science fiction and fantasy. L. Oldie, Alexander Zorich, Andrey Dashkov, Yuri Nikitin and Andrey Valentinov; most of them write in Russian and are popular in both Russia and Ukraine. The annual science fiction convention “Star Bridge” (Звёздный мост) has been held in Kharkiv since 1999.
The significant Jewish population of Kharkiv (Kharkiv’s Jewish community prided itself with the second largest synagogue in Europe) suffered greatly during the war. Between December 1941 and January 1942, an estimated 15,000 Jews were killed and buried in a mass grave by the Germans in a ravine outside of town named Drobytsky Yar. 19th-century view of Kharkiv, with the Assumption Cathedral belltower dominating the skyline.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union the largely defence-systems-oriented industrial production of the city decreased significantly. In the early 2000s, the industry started to recover and adapt to market economy needs.
The city has 13 national universities and numerous professional, technical and private higher education institutions, offering its students a wide range of disciplines. The history of the Kharkiv art collection starts in 1805, with the foundation of Kharkiv Imperial University. The city has several football clubs playing in the Ukrainian national competitions. The most successful is FC Dynamo Kharkiv that won eight national titles back in 1920s–1930s.